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Good Quality Domestic Grain Harvest in 2013 for Finland

29 November 2013

FINLAND - The oats harvest in 2013 was the biggest in a decade, but shrivelled grains and mycotoxins impaired its quality. The total yield of winter grains remained low, due to the wet conditions in the previous autumn taxing the areas sown.

The hectolitre weight of barley was good. The preliminary data from the Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira and Tike (Information Centre of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry) indicate that the quality of the domestic harvest for bread and feed grains in 2013 was good.

The wheat harvest in 2013 was similar in volume to the year before, but better in quality. Of the autumn’s 888-million-kilo wheat crop, 506 million kilos were at least 78 kilos in hectolitre weight, with a falling number of at least 180 and minimum protein content of 12.5 per cent. Of the crop, 844 million kilograms was spring wheat and only 44 million kilos winter wheat.

The average falling number of spring-sown wheat remained high (339) thanks to good threshing weather conditions. The average protein content was 13.0 per cent. However, one-third of the samples failed to reach the target protein content of 12.5 per cent.

The quality of the spring wheat crop was lower than average in Uusimaa and South-East Finland. The regional differences are partly explained by the choice of variety. The quality of the variety ‘Kruunu’ was the lowest this year.

The total yields of winter grains were low, due to the sown areas remaining small because of the wet conditions in the autumn 2012 and in addition the winter losses suffered by the grain crops. The 27-million-kilo rye harvest was the lowest in more than a decade.

The rye quality monitoring parameters are a hectolitre weight of 71 kilos and falling number of 120, which were fulfilled by 71 per cent of the rye crop. The average falling number of rye was 162, which is lower than in three previous years.

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