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Poland’s Cereal Crops Remain Strong

19 February 2014
USDA Foreign Agricultural Service

POLAND - Poland’s 2013 grains production is estimated at 28.4 million metric tons, the second consecutive year of very good cereals crops.

Despite less acreage the level of total grain production only fell off 0.4 per cent from last year’s record. Higher than average yields on winter cereals off-set smaller harvests on spring crops.

In 2014 total winter cereals acreage remains on par with 2013 acreage. The general health of plants is assessed as good despite winter’s onset finally in January.

In 2013 total domestic cereal production (including corn) amounted to 28.4 million metric tons (MMT), a 0.4 per cent decrease in comparison with the previous year.

However this level of output exceeds the average cereal production achieved in the years 2006-2010 by 6.3 per cent.

In 2013, the decline in cereal production resulted from a smaller acreage planted than in the previous year.

In 2013, area sown amounted to 7.5 million hectares (Ha) or 2.6 per cent less than that sown in 2012.

In comparison to the years 2006-10, acreage of cereals in Poland decreased by 9.7 per cent, or by about 0.8 million Ha.

There is an ongoing process of cereal production intensification in Poland. Despite decreasing crop area, grain production has been showing an upward trend since Poland’s EU accession.

In 2013 production of winter crops increased by 28 per cent in relation to the year 2012. Winter grains yielded significantly higher than the average of previous years.

Production of spring cereals decreased by 30 per cent, which was caused by a late spring which led to delays in sowings and low yields.

Despite adverse weather conditions in spring and early summer (floods, heavy rains) the remaining vegetation period was favorable enough for the plants to recover.

The average yield for both winter and spring cereals was estimated at 2.7 per cent higher than last year and amounted to 3.8 MT per Ha.

Further Reading

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