UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA - In southern and central uni?modal rainfall areas, harvesting of the 2014 main season “msimu” crops was completed in July.
Rainfall has been generally adequate in main cropping areas and cereal production is expected at above?average levels, similar to 2013.
However, below?average yields are reported in central Singida and Dodoma regions, where “msimu” rains started late in December and, after a prolonged dry spell between late?February and early?March, stopped about one month earlier than usual at the end of April.
In northern and central bi?modal rainfall areas, harvesting of 2014 first season “masika” crops is about to be finalized. Cereal production prospects are currently favourable due to above?average rainfall amounts in April/May.
In April, torrential rains in coastal areas caused localized flooding with losses of human lives and damage to infrastructures, but also improving growing conditions for “masika” rice in Coast, Morogoro, Dar es Salaam and Tanga regions. Lower yields are expected in some areas Mwanza and Mara regions, where the rainy season was characterized by late onset and erratic distribution.
Planting of 2014 “vuli” season crops is expected to start at the end of September with the onset of the “vuli” rainy season (October?January).
Aggregate cereal production in 2014 (including an average output of the 2014 “vuli” production, to be harvested at the beginning of 2015) is put at 8.4 million tonnes, similar to the previous year’s bumper production level and over 7 percent above the average of the previous five years.
The cereal import requirement in the 2014/15 marketing year (July/June) is forecast at an average of 750 000 tonnes (mainly wheat and wheat flour plus some 100 000 tonnes of rice).
Over 500 000 tonnes of maize are expected to be exported to neighbouring countries, in particular to Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
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TheCropSite News Desk