INDIA - The experiments conducted by Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) have shown that ozone pollution can potentially reduce the crop yields, Indian minister of state for agriculture, Mohan Bhai Kundaria said in a state recently.
Apart from pollution, long term use of waste water for irrigation can also reduce crop yields due to higher pest incidence and disturbance in plant metabolism due to heavy metal contents, Mr Kundaria adds.
The agriculture ministry in a statement said that ministry of environment, forest & climate change (MoEF&CC) is administering various measures to prevent air pollution and environmental degradation across the country.
The MOEF&CC is also undertaking large scale afforestation and forest development activities, enhancing carbon sequestration for reducing air pollution and addressing the issues of climate change.
Further, in order to curb crop residue burning which causes air pollution, the government has finalized National Policy for Management of Crop Residues (NPMCR) – 2014, the statement adds.
The policy envisages adoption of technical measures including diversified uses of crop residue, capacity building & training along with formulation of suitable law/legislation.
However, due to various crop development schemes being implemented by government through state governments, production of agricultural crops has been generally increasing except in the years of bad monsoon, adverse weather/temperature conditions etc.