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Is a Global Invasion of Crop Pests Coming? - 23 September 2014

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TheCropSite
Tuesday 23rd September 2014.
Sarah Mikesell - TheCropSite Senior Editor

Sarah Mikesell
Senior Editor


Wyffels

Global Analytics

5M

Is a Global Invasion of Crop Pests Coming?   

Greetings! We’ve had an amazing warm spell in the Chicago area that looks like could stick around for at least another week.

According to USDA, the Corn Belt forecast calls for dry conditions that should continue to promote corn and soy development and well as winter wheat planting. Conditions are especially good across the Upper Midwest, where above normal temps are expected to continue.

Coming on the heels of the 9th wettest summer on record for the US, continued rain last week led to minor improvements in drought conditions from the Southwest, through the Southern Plains, and into the Midwest. A near-complete lack of precipitation means drought continues largely unabated through California and along the West Coast.

US Drought Monitor

In news this week… a new study led by the University of Exeter says many of the world's most important crop-producing countries will be fully saturated with pests by the middle of the century if current trends continue.

More than one-in-10 pest types can already be found in around half the countries that grow their host crops. If this spread advances at its current rate, scientists fear that a significant proportion of global crop-producing countries will be overwhelmed by pests within the next 30 years.

The study identifies the pests likely to be the most invasive in coming years, including:

  • Three species of root knot nematode whose larvae infect the roots of thousands of different plant species
  • Blumeria graminis, a fungus that causes powdery mildew on wheat and other cereals
  • Citrus tristeza virus (given its name meaning 'sadness' in Portuguese and Spanish by farmers in the 1930s) which had reached 105 of 145 countries growing citrus by 2000.

Click here to read more about the onslaught of pests (there is a cool map too!)

Last week, I attend Fall NAMA (National Agri Marketing Association) in Chicago where Bob Langert, McDonald’s VP, Global Sustainability, spoke to the group about McDonald’s efforts surrounding sustainability, with a focus on beef.

Langert shared that McDonald’s has five beef brands that are worth over a billion dollars annually:

  • Big Mac - $3.9 Billion
  • Double Cheeseburger – $2.3 Billion
  • Cheeseburger - $2.2 Billion
  • Quarter Pounder - $2.0 Billion
  • McDouble - $1.9 Billion

To see my interview with Bob, click here.

Have a great week!

~Sarah



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This Week's Articles and Analysis

Global Invasion of Crop Pests Coming
Many of the world's most important crop-producing countries will be fully saturated with pests by the middle of the century if current trends continue, according to a new study led by the University of Exeter.

Target Crop Not Soil to Reduce Fertiliser Use
Feed the crop not the soil is the message of a new review into sustainable phosphorus use. Currently, phosphorus fertiliser is applied to the soil, and plants then take it up through the roots. However, more precise nutrient management is needed on farms, the researchers say, so that the phosphorus is targeted at the crop just as it needs it.

Global Food Trade May Not Meet Future Demand
As the world population continues to grow, by about 1 billion people every 12 to 14 years since the 1960s, the global food supply may not meet escalating demand – particularly for agriculturally poor countries in arid to semi-arid regions, such as Africa's Sahel, that already depend on imports for much of their food supply.

Soils Improved with Composts Offer Tree Growth Benefits
Adding compost to compacted urban soils can provide a lasting effect that aids tree growth, new research indicates. Urban soils improved with added organic material are less compacted after five years compared with soils that have not been treated with organic composts, the study suggests.

Market Reports

USDA Crop Progress - 22 September 2014
USDA Peanut Prices - 19 September 2014
China Wholesale Prices - 18 September 2014
USDA Sugar and Sweeteners Outlook - 17 September 2014
China Wholesale Prices - 17 September 2014
USDA GAIN: Brazil Cotton and Products Update
China Wholesale Prices - 16 September 2014
Irish CSO Reports: Agricultural Price Indices - July 2014

Global Crop Industry News

   Global

Jim Wyckoff's Morning Report: Markets Mainly Lower Overnight
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Jim Wyckoff's Morning Report: Risk-averse Mood in Market Place

   Myanmar

Myanmar Rice Production Forecast at a Good Level

   United States

McDonald's: Sustainability is Job #1, #2 and #3
Market Analyst: Grain Pressure Continues
Corn Growers Advised to 'Keep Crops Close to Home'
Wyckoff's Closing Grains: Corn Closed Lower
International Year of Family Farming 2014
Wyckoff's Closing Grains: Corn Closed Lower
National Farm Safety and Health Week Focuses on 'Protecting What Matters'
Export Customers Commit to Buy $2.3 Billion of US Soy
From Too Much Rain, to Too Little Rain
How Do We Increase Global Corn Yields?
Harvest 2014: Rewarding, but Challenging
Wyckoff's Closing Grains: Corn Closed Higher
Wyckoff's Closing Grains: Corn Closed Higher

   Bangladesh

Escorts Launches Two New Tractors in Bangladesh

   India

NABARD Launches $820 Million Long Term Rural Credit Fund
India Plans $131 Billion Credit To Farmers During 2014-15
India’s Oilmeals Export down 36 Per Cent
India’s August Veg Oil Imports Up 76 Per Cent
FAO to Help India Develop Agriculture, Food Security

   United Kingdom

John Deere Introduces Next Generation of Self-propelled Foragers
Can Farming Reverse its Ageing Trend?
NFU Outlines Priorities Ahead of 2015 General Election
Understanding Our Urban Pollinators

   Germany

More Land, Fewer Harvests

   Indonesia

Indonesia Rice Production Forecast Slightly Below Last Year’s Record Level

   Japan

Japan Cereal Production Expected to Remain High

   Argentina

Argentina Cereal Production to Reach New Record

   European Union

Efforts Made to Reduce Government-imposed Trade Barriers

Events/Promotions

EuroTier 2014

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