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Brazil Harvests Largest Grain Crop in 2011

12 January 2012

BRAZIL - Brazil says it has had the biggest grain harvest in its history, of nearly 160 million tonnes in 2011, and has forecasted a further rise for 2012.

The cereal, pulse and oilseed harvest beat 2010’s harvest by more than 10 million tonnes, probably because the land for harvest has grown nearly 5 per cent in size to 48.7 million hectares.

This year it is predicted Brazil will harvest 160.3 million tonnes, about 0.3 per cent more than last year’s harvest.

The regional breakdown of cereal, pulse and oilseed production in 2011 was as follows:

  • South: 67.6 million tons (up 5.3 per cent year-on-year)
  • Central West: 56.0 million tons (up 6.7 per cent year-on-year)
  • Southeast: 17.2 million tons (up 0.6 per cent year-on-year)
  • Northeast: 14.7 million tons (up 25.1 per cent year-on-year)
  • North: 4.3 million tons (up 7.6 per cent year-on-year)

The state of Paraná led national grain production, with a 19.7 per cent share; followed by Mato Grosso (19.5 per cent share) and Rio Grande do Sul (18.5 per cent share).

However, nine of the 25 crops recorded a year-on-year decline in production, including: the second harvest of peanuts (-39.8 per cent); oats in grain (-7.4 per cent); coffee beans (-7.1 per cent); sugarcane (-11.7 per cent); onions (-9.8 per cent); the second harvest of beans in grain (-7.4 per cent); the third harvest of beans in grain (-8.2 per cent); the second harvest of corn grain (-4.6 per cent); and wheat grain (-6.5 per cent).

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