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China: Measures Announced for Seed and GM Cotton Production

01 March 2012
USDA Foreign Agricultural Service

CHINA - China's Ministry of Agriculture released the final document, “Administrative Measures on the License of Seed Production and Operation” in September 2011. Compared with the draft version, the final document modified some of the requirements, such as assets, in order to receive a license.

It also refrains from providing further guidance on how to acquire a license for genetically modified (GM) seed. On October 2011, MOA released “Regulations on the License of Production and Operation of Genetically Modified Cotton Seed,” which provides information on to acquire a license only for GM cotton seed production and operation. The USDA report is an unofficial translation of both documents.

Major changes from the draft include:

  • Genetically modified (GM) seed is excluded in the document. On October 2011, MOA released, “Management Regulation on GM cotton Seed Production and Operation License” as an addendum to the “Administrative Measures” document on how to acquire a license for GM cotton production and operation (see appendix of the report for translation of the regulation). However, at the current time, there is no guidance for other GM seeds.
  • Some of the requirements needed to attain a license were modified. For example, some fixed asset requirements were changed or deleted, as well as number of experts, specifications for equipment, and the period of validity for the licenses. For example, to qualify for a hybrid corn and rice seed production license, a company needs to have assets (fixed and liquid) of at least RMB 30 million; however, the final document requires no fixed assets (originally the draft required at least RMB 15 million out of the RMB 30 million). For the hybrid corn and rice seed operation license, the fixed asset requirement was changed from RMB 15 million to RMB 10 million.

Further Reading

- You can view the full report by clicking here.

March 2012

TheCropSite News Desk



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