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Persistent Dry Conditions Affects Spain, Portugal Yields

02 August 2012
Information from: MARS BULLETIN – EC - JRC

SPAIN & PORTUGAL - Absence of precipitation during the last month limited yields of winter and spring cereals, currently being harvested. The outlook for sunflower is negative as well, reports MARS Bulletins Europe.

Meteorological conditions during the last month, with no significant precipitation and hot temperatures in most of the regions (with the exception of the Cantabrian basin) have diminished the yield potential yield of non-irrigated crops as the lack of rainfall has been decisive in the critical grain filling stage.

The harvest of soft wheat and spring barley is about to finish in Spain and the forecast yields, due to the adverse meteorological conditions, have been revised down.

Sunflower has been negatively influenced by the adverse dry conditions –especially in Andalucía and Alentejo– with crop indicators exhibiting a biomass accumulation substantially lower than the average. The crop is currently at ripening in the South while in grain filling in the rest of the regions being advanced about one week compared to an average year.

The water stored in the reservoirs is about two third of the capacity in central and southern Spanish regions, which is lower than seasonal values but doesn’t imply severe irrigation restrictions, at least for the moment. Therefore irrigated crops did not suffer from substantial water constraints.

Thus, the perspectives for grain maize remain positive, as a consequence of the high temperatures. The crop is currently at flowering/grain filling stage in all regions. This represents an advance of about 10 days compared to an average season. For sugar beet and potatoes the forecast yield is close to the average of the last years.

Catilla Y Leon - Rainfall

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