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Wheat Breeding Bases Established in Xinjiang

10 March 2010

CHINA - Three wheat breeding bases have been established in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, providing high-quality improved seeds for the wheat production in the 333,333 hectares of land across the autonomous region.

In the past, the mixture and degeneration of seeds, varied seed quality, farm-reserved seed and some other problems not only dampened the enthusiasm of farmers in growing grains, but also led to continuous decline of wheat planting area in the autonomous region.

Since 2005, the government of the autonomous region has been making efforts to gradually improve the situation from the source of seed through development of wheat breeding bases.

The fiscal funds of 9 million yuan were invested to build such bases in Tacheng, Yili and Zepu. The first two bases were set up in 2008 and the last one in Dec. 2009.

The major task of the wheat breeding bases in Xinjiang is to improve the benefits of wheat production.

They are also responsible for increasing the percentage of designated wheat seeds sowed across the autonomous region and producing more new wheat varieties with high yield, high quality and multiple resistances in an efficient way.

Meanwhile, efforts are made to build the R & D bases of new wheat varieties and new technologies in Tacheng, Aletai and Yili River Valley in Northern Xinjiang and Kashi, Kezhou and Hetian in Southern Xinjiang on the basis of the breeding bases.

The purpose is to develop an integrated industrial seed production system in Xinjiang through new variety selection, reproduction of stock seed, seed production and processing and other practices, and thus provide effective technical support to the sustained and steady development of wheat production in Xinjiang.

From 2005-2009, these three bases were charged with 108 items of experiments at the national and autonomous region levels to tackle key problems in science and technology.

As a result, a range of high-yield and high-quality varieties were selected, including Xindong No. 28, Xindong No. 32, Xinchun No. 15, Xinchun No. 18, Xinchun No. 27 and Xinchun No. 29.

These varieties can produce a yield of 600-800 kg per mu (1/15 ha) on average, laying a solid foundation for the wheat production in the autonomous region.

TheCropSite News Desk

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