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Crop Conditions as of July 14, 2011

26 July 2011

CANADA - Virtually all areas of the province received rain during the past two weeks. In the Southern and Central Regions precipitation ranged from 5 to 60 mm.

Most of the North East Region received between 25 and 60 mm of rain, while the North West Region received from 64 to over 140 mm. Precipitation in the southern portion of the Peace River Region ranged from 50 to over 120 mm, while the drier northern portion received between 25 and 38 mm. Overall, soil moisture reserves in the province are adequate to excessive. Table 1 below presents estimates of sub-surface moisture conditions for the province, by region.

Areas with excessive surface moisture are reported in all regions, with the North East, North West and Peace Regions reporting from 11 to 29 per cent of crop land being excessively wet. Scattered hailstorms were reported in all regions with the exception of the Peace. For the most part, the hail caused minor damage, but localized areas in the Southern and North East Regions did experience severe damage.

. Provincially, about 83 per cent of spring cereals are in good to excellent condition. Canola crops are reported as 66 per cent in good to excellent condition and 34 per cent in poor to fair condition (see Table 2). Excessive moisture in the northern part of the province is stressing many crops, particularly canola. Crop development in the northern regions remains about seven to 10 days behind normal. Hot dry weather over the next few weeks is needed for crops to take advantage of the moisture and advance rapidly. In the south, heat and sun have advanced crops quickly, with many caught up from earlier delays.

Rain has slowed the progress of first cut haying operations in the North East, North West and Peace Regions, with only four to six per cent complete. The Central Region is about 38 per cent complete, with good yields and good to excellent quality. In the Southern Region, about 78 per cent of first cut irrigated and 54 per cent of first cut dryland haying operations are complete, with above average yields and good to excellent quality.

Pasture growth provincially is rated as one per cent poor, 15 per cent fair, 48 per cent good, and 36 per cent excellent. Spraying for sclerotinia is reported in many areas and grasshoppers are a major problem in the Peace Region. There are also some reports of lygus bugs in canola crops.

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