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Large Corn Crop in China Boosts Global Production

14 December 2011

CHINA - World 2011/12 coarse grain production is projected up 9.4 million tons this month to a record 1,145.2 million, mostly due to higher corn production reported for China.

Foreign corn production is up 8.5 million tons to 554.8 million, foreign sorghum production is increased 0.6 million to 55.3 million, and foreign barley and oats production are each boosted 0.1 million tons to 129.9 million and 22.0 million, respectively, reports Dairyherd Network.

China’s National Bureau of Statistics released estimates of national corn production this month, many months earlier than usual and with provincial detail for total grain.

Both area and yield are increased from earlier projections, boosting 2011/12 production 7.25 million tons to a record 191.75 million. Area is up 0.2 million hectares this month to 33.4 million, a 3 per cent increase from the previous year. China’s corn area has increased for 8 consecutive years. Good returns for planting corn have supported corn replacing other crops, especially soybeans.

The provincial data indicate strong area expansion in Inner Mongolia and Heilongjiang, the northern and western edge of corn production in China. Rainfall and temperatures through the growing season were mostly favorable, supporting record corn yields, up 3 per cent this month to 5.74 tons per hectare, and 5 per cent higher than a year ago.

Satellite imagery, rainfall, and temperature data confirm good crop conditions through the growing season in most areas, though there was dryness in Heilongjiang and some other parts of the Northeast during the late summer and fall. An overview of growing conditions for corn in China for 2011 indicates good, but not exceptionally favorable, rainfall and temperatures. However, it is exceptional that a country as large as China had no corn areas with significant floods or drought.

TheCropSite News Desk

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