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USDA GAIN: Oilseeds, Cotton, Sugar, Grain and Feed


04 February 2013

USDA GAIN: Algeria Grain and Feed Update - January 2013USDA GAIN: Algeria Grain and Feed Update - January 2013

Algeria CY2012 wheat imports declined about 15 percent compared to CY2011, according to the Algerian Customs Information and Statistics Center (CNIS).
USDA GAIN Report - Oilseeds, Cotton, Sugar, Grain and Feed

Wheat

Recently released preliminary data from the Algerian Customs Information and Statistics Center (CNIS) indicates CY2012 wheat imports declined about 15 percent compared to CY2011. In CY2011 Algeria imported 7.45 million metric tons (MMT) of wheat, while in CY2012 purchases declined to 6.29 MMT, of which 4.71 MMT was bread wheat and 1.58 MMT was durum. In terms of value, Algeria’s expenditures for imported wheat decreased from $2.85 billion in CY2011 to about $2.11 billion in CY2012. According to the same source, CY2012 wheat imports decreased due to better domestic wheat production. Although Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) has revised its preliminary total grain production forecast due to extreme heat during July and August, coupled with fires in agricultural production areas, final total production for all grains reached 5.1 MMT in CY2012, compared to 4.2 MMT in CY2011.

Despite good production and stocks, Algeria’s grain buying agency OAIC reportedly purchased earlier than needed in expectation of increasingly international grain process, which also help to reduce total expenditures. Major suppliers to Algeria in CY 2012 were France, Canada, Germany, and the United States, followed by Spain and Mexico.

Barley

Barley imports increased in CY2012 following an average crop. Imports have fluctuated over the past several years. Algerian barley imports increased sharply in CY 2008 because of pasture shortages resulting from drought conditions. The good crop in 2009 reduced imports and barley stocks covered much of the domestic need for 2010. Barley imports started to decline in CY 2009 and almost vanished in CY 2010 to jump again in CY2011 and CY2012.

February 2013

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