news, features, articles and disease information for the crop industry

USDA GAIN: Oilseeds, Cotton, Sugar, Grain and Feed

22 March 2012

USDA GAIN: Turkey Oilseeds and Products Annual 2012USDA GAIN: Turkey Oilseeds and Products Annual 2012

Total oilseed production for Turkey in MY 2011 reached 1.9 MMT up twelve percent due to a large increase of cottonseed production. MY 2012 production is forecast to reach 2.0 MMT, driven by a projected increase in sunflower seeds. Turkey continue to have a net deficit of oilseeds and products, therefore it is import dependent.
USDA GAIN Report - Oilseeds, Cotton, Sugar, Grain and Feed

Restrictions on biotechnology associated with the adoption of a new Biosafety Law in 2010 continue to disrupted soybean and corn based products trade and cause great uncertainty in the market. Although Turkey approved three biotech soybean varieties in January 2011 for feed use, a zero tolerance for contamination of unapproved varieties continues to limit imports. Turkey continues to import large quantities of soybeans, MY2011 total soybean and meal imports projected to exceed 2 MMT.

Executive Summary

Turkey’s total production of oilseeds subject to this report (soy, sunflower and cottonseed) in MY 2011 was about 1.9 MMT due to significant production increases in cotton acreage resulting in higher cottonseed seed production. MY 2012 total oilseed production is expected to reach 2.0 MMT. Although cottonseed seed production is projected to decline, sunflower seed and soybean seed production will increase. Higher returns in sunflower seed production and farmers’ dissatisfaction with cotton returns in the soybean growing region, Cukurova, are the reasons for the increase.

The government’s continuing production premiums for oilseeds and support of quasi-governmental producer coops to persuade farmers to plant more oilseeds had limited success. Soybean production is projected to increase about sixteen percent in MY 2012 to 60,000 MT following about thirty percent fall in MY 2011 to 50,000 MT. Domestic production of soybean remains only a fraction of domestic consumption, which will be about 1.5 MMT in MY 2012. Over the years, the GOT has supported local production of oilseeds with higher production bonuses. For MY 2011, the bonus for soybeans was increased forty-three percent for certified seed users. Production bonuses for MY 2012 have not yet been declared. Producers indicate that it is hard for soybeans to compete with other crops, such as wheat, corn and cotton in targeted regions despite the repeated government premium increases.


In spite of the slight increase in area to 490,000 hectares, sunflower seed production for MY 2011 remained about 925,000 MT, as dry weather conditions during the summer adversely affected yields. Area and production in MY 2010 were 485,000 hectares and 1MMT. Projected high returns in for sunflower seed production is expected to persuade farmers to increase planting in MY 2012 to about 525,000 hectares and productions is expected to reach 1.05 MMT. Continued snow during the winter months in Thrace region will provide optimum moisture during planting.

Soybean production for MY 2012 will be slightly up, 60,000 MT compared to 50,000 MT in MY 2011. Cottonseed production is expected to decline in MY 2012 after two years of increase due farmers’ dissatisfaction with cotton returns. Production will go down to 900,000 MT in MY 2012 from 1.05 MMT in MY 2011.

Canola production is keeping its popularity. 2011 production was 40,000 MT. Planting has increased to 50,000 hectares last fall but snow and frost has hurt some of the crop which will probably be converted to sunflower. Despite the loss in planting over all 2012 canola production will be about 80,000 MT which is twice as much of last year’s production. Turkey also imports large quantities of canola seed for oil and meal extraction from Black Sea countries. While canola seed imports in 2011 declined sharply to 121,000 MT from 307,000 MT, canola meal imports went up to 78,000 MT from 33,000 MT.

The GOT created a new regulation requiring utilization of bio fuels in diesel fuel. Beginning in 2014 at a required one percent, the ration will increase annually to 3%. The aim of the government is to meet some of the demand for imported fuels with locally produced bio-ethanol and bio-diesel products. This will eventually increase the demand and prices of raw materials hence income of farmers. The vegetable oil industry however points out that Turkey is already in deficit of oil seeds, fats and oils and such move will increase the demand and cost of these products and also import dependence. The vegetable industry representatives proposed that a larger amount of used vegetable oil should be collected from households and utilized as fuel.

Meal and feed

Total meal production of Turkey is projected to grow about ten percent in MY 2011 reaching 1.71 MMT. While sunflower and cotton meal production will increase during the marketing year, soybean meal production is expected to decline due to the availability of low priced Black Sea and South American soybean meal and negative crushing margins due to the ban on food use of soy oil produced from biotech seeds. MY 2012 total meal production is expected to about the same, with a decline in cotton and soy meals being compensated by the increase in sun meal production. Following a minor downturn in 2009, domestic compound feed production and consumption increased about twenty two percent in 2010 and is expected to continue to increase about ten percent in 2011 due to increases in poultry (broiler and layer) and livestock (dairy and beef) and aqua culture production.

DOWNLOAD REPORT:- Download this report here

Share This

Related Reports

Reports By Country

Reports By Category

Our Sponsors