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USDA GAIN: Oilseeds, Cotton, Sugar, Grain and Feed

11 November 2013

USDA GAIN: Pakistan Sugar Semi-annual 2013USDA GAIN: Pakistan Sugar Semi-annual 2013

Pakistan’s marketing year MY 2013/14 (October/September) sugar production forecast has been revised to a record 4.97 million tons, up 9.5 percent from the initial forecast of 4.54 million tons, owing to the increase in area by 7 percent and improvement in sugar recovery rate. Current year’s (MY 2012/13) production estimates are revised up 110,000 tons to 4.78 million tons, a two percent increase due to enhanced productivity and improved sucrose contents. MY 2013/14 sugar consumption is forecast at 4.45 million tons, slightly higher than last year’s estimates. Due to Government interventions, MY 2012/13 exports have been revised up 1.1 million tons from the previous estimates of one million ton in tandem with increase in sugar production. My 2013/14 sugar exports are forecast at 440,000 tons with ending stocks at 700,000 tons.
USDA GAIN Report - Oilseeds, Cotton, Sugar, Grain and Feed



Sugarcane is an important cash crop and is mainly grown for sugar production in the country. Pakistan is the world’s sixth largest producer of sugarcane in terms of acreage, and the 12th largest producer of sugar. Sugarcane is grown on approximately a million hectares and provides raw material for 84 sugar mills established in the main sugarcane producing regions. The sugar industry is the country’s second largest agro-industry sector after textiles. Sugar industry byproducts are also helpful in producing other essential items for industries like chip board, paper, confectionery, uses in chemicals, plastics, paints, synthetics, fiber, insecticides and detergents. Sugarcane mud is used as a rich source of organic fertilizer for crop production. Sugarcane production in the country has increased over time.

Pakistan’s MY 2013/14 sugarcane production is forecast at a record 63 million tons, up 7 percent (59 million tons) from Post’s initial forecast mainly due to increase in area substituted from cotton crop. Since 2010, due to changing weather patterns, excessive rainfall / flooding has made cotton growing more risky shifting the farmers to water tolerant crops like sugarcane and rice. Country wide sugarcane has gained 7 percent area with a considerable increase of 13 percent in Sindh province. Although monsoon rains were later-than-usual, their heavy spells were critical for maintaining productivity at last year level. The heavy rains were also responsible for damages in some districts of Punjab where torrential rains created flooding that affected the sugarcane crop. However, the losses are likely to be more than compensated from the increase in sugarcane area and crop productivity.

Production Policy

The provincial governments set procurement prices of sugarcane in consultation with representatives of both the sugar industry and farmers’ organizations, based on recommendations from Agricultural Policy Institute (API) and their departments of agriculture, food, and industry. During the MY 2012/13 crushing season, the provincial governments of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhawah (KPK) announced a minimum support price (MSP) of Rs. 170 per 40 Kg ($43/ ton), whereas, Sindh announced a price of Rs. 172 per 40 Kg ($44/ton), a 13 percent increase from last year’s price due to increase in inputs due to a depreciating rupee.

MY 2013/14 crushing season is going to commence from October, but the provincial governments has not announced the MSP so far. According to trade sources, this year’s expectation of a record sugarcane crop may result in mills offering lower cane prices to farmers than the announced MSP as well as difficulty in timely delivery of crop. Generally, at the start of crushing season lower cane prices are acceptable to the farmers to opt for sowing wheat after harvesting sugarcane.

The provincial governments support research, development, training of farmers and transfer of new technologies to growers in its endeavor to raise cane yields and sugar recovery rates. Agricultural universities and a few sugar mills also support research and development (R&D) activities.



In MY 2013/14 refined total centrifugal sugar production is forecast at a record 4.97 million tons, 9.5 percent higher than post’s initial estimate of 4.54 million tons. The increase in sugar production is based on an increase in sugarcane area and improvement in sugar recovery rate. MY 2012/13 sugar production estimates are revised up 110,000 tons to 4.78 million tons, a two percent increase over previous estimates.

Both years’ forecasts are based on an 83 percent crushing of the total harvest and a 9.4 percent sugar recovery rate.


Sugar consumption in MY 2013/14 is forecast at 4.45 MMT, marginally higher over the current year’s estimate of 4.4 million tons. Analysis of monthly retail prices shows that during 2010 and 2011, sugar prices remained volatile illustrating abrupt behavior by sugar millers and sugar hoarders. Since 2010, every year heavy rainfall followed by favorable conditions helped increase sugar production and accordingly the prices of sugar eased in the domestic market. Total consumption over the years is increasing mainly due to the growing demand by the processed food sector. Bulk sugar consumers such as bakeries, candy, ice cream and soft drink manufacturers account for about 60 percent of the total sugar demand.

Market prices of sugar during 2013/14 are expected to hover around Rs.53 per Kg ($505 per ton); prices are expected to remain stable based on increased local sugar production coupled with ample stocks in the international market.


In MY 2013/14 sugar exports are forecast at 440,000 tons, more than double than the Post’s initial estimate due to increased local production. In MY 2012/13 improved carryover stocks coupled with increased production is likely to result in a record sugar export of 1.1 million tons. This significant export is contingent on government intervention of providing inland freight subsidy of Rs. 1.75 per kilogram ($18/MT) for the export of sugar. Trade sources reveal that sugar export is in process to UAE, Bangladesh, Iran, Sri Lanka, Yemen and some African countries etc.


Ending stocks in MY 2013/14 are forecast at 700,000 tons based on projected supply-demand scenarios and trade expectations.

Ending stocks in MY 2012/13 are estimated at 620,000 tons.

November 2013

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